If you have a pond with fish and or plant life in it, then you will need to keep the temperature at optimum levels to keep the water life healthy. This is usually not a problem, as the water will seldom reach a high temperature during the hot summer months however, you may find that your ponds water temperature is too high. If this is your case, then you may be asking the question of how do I cool my pond? Well, in this article I will give you a few ideas on how to lower the temperature of your pond.
The first thing that you need to realize is that it will be harder and cost more to cool a larger pond as compared to a smaller one. It is however
vital to do it or the plants and fish in the pond will become stressed and not be healthy.
The first thing that you need to consider if you are asking the question of how do I cool my pond, consider what type of pond you have. Is it a natural pond, man made or the ready made ones that you just fill water in? This is important because of the depth.
A natural pond will probably be much deeper and therefore there won’t be a much of a temperature extreme and also it won't reach as high temperatures. However, it will also be much harder to cool should it become too warm as there is more water as water quite cools slowly.
If you have a smaller pond on the other hand, it will be much easier to cool. This will mean that it will be cheaper to cool in the short term, but because there isn’t much water, it can become to warm again quite quickly.
1) Cover the pond:
You can quite easily reduce the temperature of you pond by shading the water with a fine mesh/ cloth. The finer the material the better, as less rays form the sun will be striking your pond. You can purchase mesh from a number of places and your local hardware store will probably have it in stock. I recommend that you chose a lighter color of mesh as it will better reflect the sunlight there helping to cool your pond a little faster.
This method may or may not work, if your pond is small enough to cover then it probably will work.
If you have a large pond then, although it may work it will be really expensive to buy cloth to cover the entire pond. You can’t really cover half the pond and expect it to work as water is in constant motion so your whole pond will have the same temperature.
2) Adding a water feature:
this method of cooling down a pond is more long term, and probably won’t help if you have the problem right now. It is advisable however to get a water feature to keep the pond cool in the future. consider this when you are thinking of ways of how do I cool my pond: warm water has a lower amount of dissolved oxygen in it. This means that there isn't as much oxygen for your fish (and we all know that oxygen is essential to life).
A simple way of increasing dissolved oxygen, is by creating movement on the waters surface. A great example is by adding a waterfall. There are a variety of waterfalls that you can purchase and many of them are quite reasonably priced. This will quite quickly add oxygen to the water and keep your fish alive while you are cooling your pond.
I hope that this article has helped in answering your question of how do I cool my small pond. There are other methods that you can use to cool down your pond but they are more pond-type specific. To cover that kind of information will be to in depth for the scope of this article and you will probably get better advice from a professional after they have had a look at your pond. Good luck with cleaning your small pond.